What is Type 2 Diabetes?

Sugar gives your body energy. Sugar is in many of the foods you eat like pasta, bread, candy, cookies, soda, and fruit.

If you eat or drink too many foods with sugar, you can become sick.

You may have seen the word “insulin.” Insulin helps your body to use sugar. It helps turn the sugar into energy. Insulin also helps the body save the energy for the future. As we get older, eating too many foods with sugar can harm your body. When the body does not have enough insulin, it is called Type 2 Diabetes. This is a very serious disease.

raised graphic of stomach, pancreas and blood vessel with sugar and insulin

Symptoms of Diabetes
  • Peeing often
  • Fast weight loss
  • Slow healing of cuts
  • Very hungry
  • Blurry vision
  • Vaginal infections
  • Hands and feet feel numb
  • Very thirsty

9 drawings - toilet; person with oversized pants; arrow pointing to wound on arm; man eating sandwich; man and woman laying next to each other in bed; woman looking at vase of flowers; woman holding sign that says vaginal infections; foot with lines indicating pain, numb, tingling; hand holding cup, filling with water from faucet

If you answer “yes” to any of these questions, you may be at risk for Type 2 Diabetes:
  • Am I over 45 years old?
  • Am I overweight?
  • Do I eat lots of sugary foods or drinks like candy and soda?
  • Does anyone in my family have diabetes?
  • Am I African American, Hispanic, American Indian or Asian?

If you said “yes” to any of these questions, you should be tested by your doctor.

Checking my Blood Sugar

A person can test their blood sugar level with a device called a glucometer.

People with diabetes should have their blood sugar around 110 mg/dL or less.

If your blood sugar is too low it can cause problems. Symptoms of low sugar in the blood include lots of worrying, sweating, a racing heart, and confusion. Without medicine, low sugar in your blood can lead to sleeping for a long time, brain damage, and death.

Treating Diabetes: Lifestyle Management
Maintain a healthy weight

Be Physically Active – Walk for 30 minutes a day

Eat a well-balanced diet.
  • Avoid sugar and other sweets like chocolate and chips.
  • Limit white bread and white rice, as well as white potatoes.
  • Eat lots of high-fiber foods like brown rice, beans, fruits, and vegetable.
  • Get your protein from fish and chicken

Download Diabetes brochure – Word format
Download Diabetes Brochure – PDF

For More Information, go to:

American Diabetes Association: http://www.diabetes.org;
Deaf Healthhttp://deafhealth.org/diseases/diabetes-mellitus-type-2

Section created by Emily Rosen 2017.5