WHAT IS A URINARY TRACT?

Your urinary tract is the part of your body that helps you pee.

diagram of abdomen with kidneys, ureter, bladder urethra, sphincter and urethra

  1. Kidneys filter toxin from blood making pee
  2. Ureter takes pee from kidneys to bladder
  3. Pee stays in bladder until you go to the bathroom
  4. Pee leaves your body through urethra

Tactile picture of healthy urinary tract and one with bacteria in the bladder

WHAT IS A URINARY TRACT INFECTION?

Sometimes, bacteria can go into the urethra and up into the bladder causing a urinary tract infection (UTI). Now, it makes it very hard to pee because it hurts.

diagram shows symptoms of UTI

HOW DO I KNOW I HAVE A UTI?

Put a check to what applies:

  • Do you pee a lot in one day?
  • When you pee, does it burn or sting?
  • You go to bathroom often, but pees a little?
  • Does your pee look cloudy?
  • Does it smell funny?
  • Does your pee look red?
  • Do you feel pain in your lower stomach?

If you checked any of these boxes, talk with doctor.

WHO GETS UTI?
  • Being a woman puts you at a higher risk because the distance between the urethra and the bladder is shorter.
  • Someone who is sexually active
WHY TREAT A UTI RIGHT AWAY?

If the UTI is left untreated, it may lead to other problems, including:

  • Infections that keeps occurring
  • Permanent kidney damage
  • For someone who is pregnant there is a risk that they may have a premature baby
  • Sepsis (the infection has spread throughout the entire body)
WHAT WILL THE DOCTOR DO?

If the doctor thinks that you may have a UTI she will:

  1. Ask you to pee in a cup so she can examine the pee for germs
  2. Give you an antibiotic medication to help kill the germs that is making it hard to pee
  3. Tell you to avoid food and drinks with caffeine, such as coffee, tea, chocolate and soda
HOW TO PREVENT A UTI?
  • Drink at least six to eight cups of water a day
  • Drink cranberry juice
  • When going to the bathroom, wipe from front to back
  • Pee immediately before and after sexual intercourse
  • Do not hold in your pee! If you have to go, GO!

Resources:
Health Banana https://www.healthbanana.com/home-remedies-for-urinary-tract-infection/
The Diabetes Council https://www.thediabetescouncil.com/diabetes-and-urinary-tract-infections-things-you-need-to-know/

By Benya Rodthong 3.2018